Bader Khalid AL QusaibiKing Abdulaziz university, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Title: Depression among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus at King Abdulaziz University Hospital (KAUH): A cross-sectional study
Depression can increase the risk of diabetes-related complications, healthcare expenditures, and morbidity in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). There have been increasing cases of diabetes in Saudi Arabia; however, research correlating depression with diabetes is lacking. The aim of this study was to find out how common depression is among T2DM patients at King Abdulaziz University Hospital (KAUH), Jeddah, and assess any additional risk factors for depression in these patients. A cross-sectional study using computer-assisted telephone interviews was conducted among patients with T2DM from June to August 2021. A total of 215 participants completed the survey. Symptoms and signs of depression were assessed using the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9). Univariate, bivariate, and multivariate statistical analyses were used to determine the prevalence and risk factors associated with depression. Depression was shown to be prevalent in 54% of type 2 diabetes patients, with the most common associated risk factors being not exercising (p=0.00) and having at least one diabetes-related complication (p=0.001). There was no evidence of a significant relationship between depression and gender or age, although females were, in general, more depressed than males. Diabetic patients have a significantly high prevalence of depression; therefore, it is vital to conduct regular screening for depression in patients diagnosed with T2DM.
Bader AL Qusaibi is still a final year medical student at King Abdulaziz University in Jeddah, KSA; he is 24 years old. He is distinguished for performing various administrative duties, communicating with patients via phone or e-mail, scheduling appointments, and maintaining medical records. He has two publications that have participated in the medical conference of the university.