Valida IsanovaKazan State Medical University, Russian Federation
Title: Neurophysiological mechanisms of pathogenetic physical rehabilitation of neurological patients by kinesotherapy in the anti-gravity
Scientists have expanded the notion of the brain plasticity. If necessary, even specialized motor neurons can be taught to perform functions completely alien to them. <span style="font-size: 0.875rem;">Neurophysiologists from the University of California, Berkeley (USA) described an experiment in which the rat neurons were reconfigured. It can be said that the rats have learned to "think" differently. </span><span style="font-size: 0.875rem;">With the help of straining devices, installed in the pneumosuit “Atlant” along the antagonistic muscles of body and limbs, the myotatic reflex on extension is triggered in each segment, which activates the motor centers functions in all CNS levels. Mechanism of action: in response to proprioceptive stimulation caused by the approximating effect of the suit, stimulating the mechanisms of autoregulation of the ?-?-motoneuron system, which affects the restoration of the muscle tone, motor functions are activated. </span><span style="font-size: 0.875rem;">The kinesiotherapeutical method in “Atlant” creates the conditions for the patient’s active participation in mobility rehabilitation process. The patients gain walking skills and other daily important moving skills, which become possible only with the adequate positio of the body and limbs. Through the available objective trainings with the usage of pneumosuit “Atlant”, the patients establish social activity and communication, normal for various functional systems in the motor-cognitive interaction. The methods of our rehabilitation system are based on the mechanisms and principles of afferent proprioceptive stimulation of the myotatic stretch reflex developed by the US clinical neurophysiologi
Valida A. Isanova , In 2000 Valida Isanova was transferred to a position of professor of department of neurology and neurosurgery of the Kazan State Medical University where continues to work to the present. Doctor of medical sciences, Professor Valida Isanova personally studied pathogenetic methods of nervous system diseases’ rehabilitation in clinics of Germany, England, Switzerland, Austria, China. One of achievements is developed for restoration of motor and cognitive impairments the author's technology "The method of kinesiotherapy of neurologic patients with impairments of motor functions and rehabilitation pneumosuit (RPS) "Atlant" in the method” (domestic analog of PNF). These technologies in neurorehabilitation were included into an educational program of professional development of neurologists and neurosurgeons in Kazan State Medical University. The techniques developed by professor Isanova were reported in the oral presentations at the international conference "Movement: brain, body, cognition" in Oxford in 2017 and at the international Neurology, Brain Disorders conference "Neurology and brain disorders" in Rome in 2018. 3rd Edition of International Conference on June 24-26, 2019 Paris, France.