Neuroscience conference 2022

Rahul Jena

BVDUMC, India

Title: Role of gastrointestinal dysbiosis and fecal transplantation in Parkinson’s disease

Abstract

Parkinson’s disease (PD) is one of the most common neurodegenerative diseases with a high rate of morbidity. It is associated with dopaminergic neuron loss and is fairly common in the elderly population. Recently, there has been a growing interest in the role of the gut microbiome in the pathogenesis of PD and thus studies addressing the methods to modulate the microbiota are becoming increasingly popular. Fecal microbiota transplant (FMT) is one of these methods and is effective in certain intestinal and extraintestinal conditions. This review aims to talk about gastrointestinal dysbiosis and how the reconstruction of this microbiome via FMT could potentially be used as a treatment modality in the future. We went through various studies and collected data relevant to our topic from the previous five years. The studies selected include reviews, observational studies, animal studies, case reports, and some grey literature. We concluded that although it has great potential as a therapeutic modality in the future, it is limited by several factors such as variability among the results of most clinical studies and the lack of large sample sizes. Therefore, there is a need for high-quality clinical trials with larger sample sizes to gather enough clinical evidence so that FMT can qualify as a widely recommended therapeutic measure

Biography

Rahul Jena is currently a medical intern (which counts as the final year of medical school in India) enrolled in Bharati Vidyapeeth Medical College (BVDUMC), Pune, India. His interests include, but are not limited to neurology, internal medicine, and global health.